Kitchen size. You will need more than 10 feet between base cabinets on opposite walls to include an island. It is most functional when it is a minimum of 3 feet wide and 5 feet long.
Aisle size. Allow 3 feet or more on each side of the island to handle kitchen traffic.
Location. There should be a minimum of 42 inches between major work centers, including aisle space. Don't install an island where work areas are on opposite walls because you will be adding steps each time you walk around your island.
Function. If you plan to include a cooking center, allow 12 inches on both sides of the cooktop to set dishes, and provide enough room so hot pan handles will not go over the edge of the countertop.
Work From All Sides. Equip the island ends with open shelves for storing cookbooks, or other collectables. Add a wine rack or small glass-front refrigerator. Include at least one set of drawers in the island. Store slilverware and utensils where you use them. A 12 to 15 inch overhang provides enough room for an eating counter.
Power Up. Adequate lighting makes the work area more effective. Install electrical outlets so you can safely use small appliances.
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